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The Summer That Changed Everything | William Thomas Online | William Thomas

The Summer That Changed Everything


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THE SUMMER THAT CHANGED EVERYTHING

 

By William Thomas

 

 

Like a bottoming teeter-totter flipping its riders topsy-turvy, this is the summer when long-exceeded climatic thresholds reached the tipping point of public perception.

It is no longer possible to ignore climate change when the whole world is burning.

 

Whether climate or consciousness, a “tipping point” marks the boundary when long-term trends suddenly go exponential. The resulting cascading interactions among self-reinforcing feedbacks produce “non-linear” effects of wild variability that amplify changes beyond their tipping points.

 

Abrupt Climate Shift could be next, Science reports, if we drive over the climate chaos brink to accelerate into an abrupt warming event of several degrees within a few decades.

 

It’s happened during previously calamitous mass extinctions, which proceeded much slower than our own. Some 55 million years ago, global average temperatures jumped 5C in just 13 years.

 

This time around, we’re doing it to ourselves and every other plant and critter sharing the consequences of our carbon-addicted denial. Our daily commutes, chain-sawed forests, miles-long coal trains feeding carbon-belching power plants, tar sands insanity, carbon-intensive meat-munching and cheap flights to wherever seem to have broken something fundamental.

 

Specifically, Arctic sea ice melt has displaced the weather-bearing jetstream, and we’ve also managed to alter the ocean currents that serve as vital air-conditioning for this brimming planet.


Despite a corporate media reluctant to link “climate change” to escalating climate change, this summer’s off-the-scale temperatures and wildfires are disrupting denial-as-usual. Once reality tips into screen-addled faces, the resulting realizations cannot be unlearned.

 

 

MIDDLE EAST MELTDOWN

At Quriyat, on the coast of Oman in July, overnight temperatures have remained above 42.6C – the hottest “low” temperature ever recorded.

 

 

MOLTEN SCIENCE

After 17 days of temperatures over 28C, Britain’s heatwave melted the roof of a science building in Glasgow.

 

 

FRENCH REACTORS SHUTTERED

As August temperatures exceed 45C (113F) across Southern Europe, France has shut down four nuclear plants after rising river temperature could no longer cool the reactors.

 



extreme heat in Spain, 2018 -theapricity.com

Extreme heat in Spain, summer 2018 -theapricity.com


FIRE WHEN READY

Spain’s record high temperature of 47.3C was set in Córdoba in July 2017. This August, with Barcelona hitting 51C and online travel sites revising their summer temperature “normals” to 50C, heat warnings have been issued for 41 of the country’s 50 provinces.


This July, as temperatures topped 30C above the Arctic Circle, the Guardian reported at least 11 wildfires “raging inside the Arctic Circle as the hot, dry summer turns an abnormally wide area of Europe into a tinderbox.”

 

Besieged by more than 60 active fires, the most beleaguered country, Sweden, called for emergency assistance from its EU partners.

 

Norway, Finland and Russia continue to burn.

 

 

NOTHING “NORMAL” ABOUT THIS “NEW NORMAL”

Huge fires appears to be a trend as more and bigger blazes are reported in other far northern regions like Greenland, Alaska, Siberia and Canada,” Jonathan Watts writes. “Much of the northern hemisphere has sweltered in unusually hot weather in recent weeks, breaking records from Algeria to California and causing fires from Siberia to Yorkshire. Ukraine has been hit especially hard by wildfires.”

 

Even more disturbing, around the globe many areas are burning outside usual fire zones. Rail lines are buckling and waterways are drying up, further hindering transport and commerce.

 

 

BRITISH COLUMBIA BURNING

On August 15, with more than 3,372 firefighters attempting to contain 566 fires across the province, B.C. declared a state of emergency. Since April 1, fire crews have responded to nearly 1,800 wildfires. So far, more than 939,000 acres have burned.

 

Last year, a record-setting 2,965,262 acres burned in BC. Like all woodsmoke, the tiny particulates I’m inhaling from wildfires north and south of me pose what the EPA calls, “an extreme health hazard”.

 

 

PORTUGAL BURNING

Hot, dry conditions are feeding wildfires across Portugal, where non-native Eucalyptus plantations are exploding with resin-fueled heat.

 

 

AFRICA RED-LINED

Ouargla’s 51.3C on 5 July in Algeria’s Sahara Desert was the highest temperature reliably recorded in Africa.

 

 

JAPAN SWELTERING

In this land of the rising and relentless sun, at least 65 people were killed in the first week of July 2018 by an "unprecedented" heatwave. Temperatures as high as 106F sent more than 22,000 people to hospitals.

 

 

CANADIANS DYING

In Canada, by mid-July at least 54 deaths had been attributed to the prolonged heatwave and high humidity in Quebec. Ontario also saw heat-related fatalities.

 


 

Holy Fire scorch a hillside in Lake Elsinore, California, on August 9.ROBYN BECK : AFP : GETTY

Holy Fire allegedly set by arsonist southeast of Los Angeles, Aug. 9, 2018 - Robyn Beck/ AFP/Getty



CALIFORNIA BURNING

In California, where six years of drought has packed 102 million dead trees into 7.7 million acres of parched forests, this year’s La Niña cooling nevertheless saw daytime records shattered at Chino (48.9C), Burbank airport (45.6C) and Van Nuys airport (47.2C) in July.

 

The first week of August 2018 saw 110F (43C) in the scenic Mount Shasta region north of Sacramento, where the Carr Fire has slain seven people. Andrew Brake was the third firefighter killed in the battle to contain the Carr conflagration, which burned 177,450 acres in three weeks, reducing the Redding area to charred bush and 1,077 burned-out homes.

 

Super-charged by decades of spot-fire suppression and exploding populations building in all this explosive ladder fuel, the new super-fires are proving impossible to control. There aren’t enough people in the U.S. Army to fight the Carr fire, declares Scott Stephens, a fire ecologist at UC Berkeley.


 

Mendocino Complex Fire and other blazes across Northern California are seen from the International Space Station. The San Francisco Bay Area appears just above the bottom-right solar panel. (NASA)

  Northern California blazes from the International Space Station. -NASA

 

From his ringside seat in low Earth orbit, astronaut Alexander Gerst Tweeted, “These fires are frightening to watch”.



CLIMATE FEEDBACKS
“We are systematically destroying a crucial foundation of climate stability,” worries Frances Seymour, a senior distinguished fellow at the World Resources Institute. Forests are the only safe, natural, proven and affordable infrastructure we have for capturing and storing carbon.

 

Lightning strikes account for most fire starts. Each 1C rise in global-average temperature contributes to a 12% increase in lightning strikes. The resulting

planetwide biomass” burning causes much more global warming per unit weight than other human-associated carbon sources – leading to further warming, while… 


Drone's-eye view of soot-covered Greenland ice sheet

Drone's-eye view of soot-covered Greenland ice sheet


… showers of soot from the year-round burning Northern Hemisphere coat glaciers and sea-ice from Greenland to the Arctic, leading to more intense solar heating and accelerated melting – leading to extreme weather and prolonged droughts in the American west.  

 

 


UNCHARTED REALMS

What we’re seeing are conditions that are off the charts as far as fire behavior, worries Cal Fire battalion chief, Jonathan Cox. Statewide, more than 1,000 fire engines, 59 bulldozers, 22 air tankers, 17 fixed-wing aircraft and 12 helicopters continue to battle cyclonic “firenados” and towering “pyrocumulus” windstorms on the Nevada border and along the coast.

 

Wildfires now burn twice the area in California as they did in the 1990s and ’80s. By August, the Mendocino Complex Fire had become the largest wildfire in California history, with nearly 500 square-miles burnt. The unholy Holy Fire has forced 20,000 people to flee their homes.

 

But climate-flipped spring deluges have become “excessive”… 


“Last year and this year we’ve seen giant outbreaks of fires in areas where you wouldn’t have expected it based on the soil-moisture balance,” observes Park Williams, a professor of biology and environment at Columbia University. “Some [areas], including where the Carr fire is, are not even near record-breaking dry.”

 

Say what?

 

 

TOO HOT TO HANDLE

“The factor that clearly made the difference in 2017, and again in 2018, is heat,” Williams continues. Even if the deep soils are wet following winter and spring, a hot and dry atmosphere seems to be able to overwhelm that effect.”

 

“July 2018 was the hottest month in California ever recorded. The state as a whole was 5 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than normal,” reports Robinson Meyer. “Wildfires are more driven by the temperature and moisture content in the air than by the moisture content in the soil.”  

 

In response, that man occupying the White House has called for firefighters with more than 40-years experience to dump more water on the fires.

 

 

GREECE BURNING

Greek Interior Minister Panos Skourletis is calling the wildfires that have killed at least 74 people, "a biblical disaster."

 

Fires that “began” near Athens, injured nearly 200 people, while sending thousands into the Aegean Sea on boats and cobbled-together rafts. Some swam for their live as entire towns were burned out by uncontrollable blazes gorging on drought and heatwaves sending temperatures above a hundred degrees.

 

 

AOTEAROA (NEW ZEALAND) BURNING

"Everything is on a 100-times scale," exclaims Craig Cottrill, chief of the Wellington Fire Department in New Zealand. "This thing's massive."

 

 

THRESHOLDS CROSSED

What’s unusual is the hemispheric scale of the heatwave,” comments  climatologist Michael Mann, director of the Earth System Science Center at Penn State. “It’s not just the magnitude in any one location but that high temperatures are being seen over such a large area.”



drought in India

Drought in India

 

CROPS CURTAILED

“Most of southwest Sweden hasn’t had rain since the first days of May. A very early harvest has started but yields seem to be the lowest for 25 years – 50% lower, or more in some cases – and it is causing severe losses,” says Lennart Nilsson. The 55-year-old cattle farmer and co-chair of the Swedish Farmers Association has never seen anything like this drought.

 

Crops are also collapsing in Poland, Belarus and the Czech Republic. Some German farmers are plowing under their wilted crops.

 

With 25% of Earth’s landmass facing permanent drought, despairing farmers can anticipate “significant aridification” across Central America, Southern Europe, Southern Africa, Southern Australia, and Southeast Asia – home to more than 20% of the world's population.

 

As that stable genius tweets from the White House, the USA "could use a little bit of that good old global warming.



Salt-ruined farmland costs billions of dollars every year -america.aljazeera

Salt-ruined farmland costs billions of dollars every year -america.aljazeera

 

SALTWATER SEEPS

Crops around the world are also wilting from seawater. Despite erecting 4-meter-high dykes, saltwater inundation from relentlessly rising sea-levels has wiped out crops in Vietnam’s Soc Trang region. Mekong farmers also face hunger and destitution as seawater seeps into local soils.

 

The most agriculturally productive regions on Earth are river deltas, where saltwater intrusion now threatens global food production. Last year’s rising staple food prices left another 38 million people under-nourished, Robert Scribbler reports.  




 

Flooding from torrential rain in Kurashiki City, western Japan have killed more than 150 people.. -Jiji Press/EPA

 

FLOODS OF REFUGEES FLEE RISING WATERS

Over the past decade, 1.7 million people have migrated from Vietnam’s low-lying Mekong Delta region.

 

And West Africa’s 4,000-mile coastline continues to submerge as rising sea levels and erosion expedited by supersized storms destroy fishing villages and coconut plantations, eroding as much as 80-120 feet of coastline each year, Robert Scribbler reports.

 

Annual inundations for intensified rainy seasons are also flooding cities like Accra, while along the coast from Gambia to Senegal “growing numbers of houses, hotels, restaurants, roads, and even water treatment plants are now little more than washed out husks and crumbling bits of infrastructure – lapped by a rising tide.”

 

Low-lying Pacific atolls like Kiribati (kira-bosh) face imminent abandonment as the sea regularly washes through homes and yards. In the Solomon Islands, where this writer sailed, shoreline submergence has destroyed two villages that have existed since at least 1935, “leading to community relocations.

 

Mass migration away from submerging coastlines continues in Bangladesh and Pakistan’s Indus River Delta. In southern Laos, hundreds of people are missing

after floodwaters from unusually heavy rains collapsed a dam.



 Derelict San Onofre Nuclear Power Plant is too costly ($4.bn) to dismantle -ibtimes.co.uk

 

SEA-LEVEL RISE GOING NUCLEAR

Coastal nuclear plants are increasingly at risk from rising water. The aging San Onofre was shut down in 2012 for operating “the reactor outside the allowable limits for pressure and temperature, causing the radiation leak,” reports the Los Angeles Times’ Steve Chapple. The derelict plant stores 3.6 million pounds of radioactive waste in rickety steel canisters “prone to corrosion and cracking, that cannot be monitored or repaired,”

 

San Onofre is cleverly located directly on an earthquake fault line in an area with a record of tsunamis. Downtown Los Angeles is only 62 miles away from San Onofre. San Diego, 50. There are no state or federal evacuation plans.

 

Meanwhile, rising ocean levels are creeping “closer and closer” to the thin-walled cannisters. When the resulting corrosion lets in “even a little bit of air, it could make the waste explosive,” warns Chapple. Worldwide, how many more seaside Fukushimas are waiting to happen?

 

 

TIDE’S UP!

In South Florida, “tidal flooding now predictably drenches inland streets, even when the sun is out,” Bloomberg reports. “Saltwater is creeping into the drinking water supply.

 

Nobody thinks it’s coming as fast as it is,” says an exasperated Dan Kipnis, chair of Miami Beach’s Marine and Waterfront Protection Authority.

 

Once impacts become noticeable, they’re going to be upon you quickly, adds William V. Sweet, a scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and leading expert on coastal inundation. “It’s not a hundred years off – it’s now.”

 

 

Karen Speights is wondering how to get her mother out of the neighborhood in Norfolk, Va., before the water comes again.CreditEliot Dudik for The New York Times

FEET WET

“Ma!” cries Karen Speights in Norfolk, Virginia. “My feet are wet!” She’s not standing on the beach. She’s inside her home.

 

So sea-level rise is another hoax? “I believe it because we’re living it,” Ms. Speights says. “The land is sinking as the ocean rises.”

 

Hundreds of flooding tidal creeks and marshes are bringing saltwater to people’s doorsteps, a group of scientists calling themselves "Sam Carana" report at Arctic News. Sea-level spoor is everywhere: crusts of dried salt decorating the streets, salt-loving marsh grasses taking over suburban yards vacated by trees killed by seawater.

 

Look, there’s William Stiles Jr. standing next to one of Norfolk’s new road signs – an oversize vertical ruler indicating the depth of floodwaters in low-lying intersections. “There’s just more and more visible impacts: water on the street, water that won’t clear from the ditch, these intense rain events, higher tides,” he says. Everyone is talking about climate change.

 

 

U.S. NAVY’S “RADICAL” CLIMATE AGENDA SLAMMED

While U.S. coasts slip beneath rising seas, Congress is blocking the U.S. Navy’s “radical climate change agenda” to protect key naval bases in New London, Connecticut and Norfolk, Virginia.

 

Instead, lawmakers are lavishing billions of borrowed dollars to increase risks by subsidizing local governments and homeowners to continue building near beaches.

 

 

MALL-PRACTICE

Instead of planning for sea level rise of 6 to 10 feet by century’s end – and at least a foot-per-decade rise after that – Florida county commissioners have approved a plan to build the largest mall in the USA. The $4 billion, 6.2-million-square-foot “American Dream” of excessive consumption will temporarily offer 2,000 hotel rooms, submarine rides and a carbon-powered indoor ski slope to the encroaching seas.


“Building more real estate in Miami is now seen as a way to combat climate change,” writes Tyler Durden. “How? By ignoring the obvious.” Miami residents should deal with the seawater boarding buses with them by pretending it’s not happening, urges a report by the Wharton Risk Center at the U. of Penn. “Ignoring the problem could be the best way to create a false illusion of safety” and retain the local tax base. 

 

Congress is doing its part by insisting that researchers and reporters are inventing the climate “hoax” to justify more governmental control over American’s reckless carbon-burning.

 

Meanwhile, the air they’re breathing is already so full of greenhouse gases that most land ice on the planet is melting, the New York Times reports.


 

 

Highway 80, the only road to Tybee Island, Ga., closes regulalry.  -Stephen B. Morton/New York Times

June 2018



UNREAL ESTATE

“Pessimists selling to optimists,” is a former Florida coastal property owner’s description of mystifying home transactions in this place of oranges and make-believe.

 

There is now at least $1.4 trillion in property within 660 feet of the U.S. coast, physicist and climate expert Joe Romm reports. As the West Antarctic Ice Sheet faces irreversible collapse and Greenland’s blow-torched ice sheet matches its doubled- rate of ice loss in the last five years.

 

"We are dealing with an event no human has ever witnessed before," emphasizes geologist Richard Alley, perhaps the most respected ice scientist alive. 

 

Sea-level rise from Antarctica alone will likely exceed a conservative three feet before the end of this Last Chance Century. As Rolling Stone’s Jeff Goodell explains, “Add in a fairly conservative sea-level rise from Greenland in the same time frame, as well as expansion of the oceans, you get more than six feet… 145 million people live less than three feet above sea level.”

 

Antarctica’s “Doomsday” Thwaite Glacier – dwarfs the mighty Jakobshavn. “Marine ice-sheet destabilization is already underway on Thwaites," warns Ian Joughin at the University of Washington.

 

In West Antarctica, NASA’s Eric Rignot says simply, "We have already blown the fuse."

 

massive rift in Antarctic Peninsula's Larsen C ice shelf on Nov 10, 2016. -John Sonntag:NASA:Reuters

Lengthening rift in the Larsen C ice shelf (Nov 10, 2016) -John Sonntag/NASA/Reuters



BLOWN FUSES

Turns out – who knew? – ice sheets are much more sensitive to small changes in the temperature than anyone imagined. "Just one degree of change is a big deal to a glacier, Alley appends. “A big chunk of ice melts fairly slowly – but it can fracture very, very fast."

 

Turns out, Antarctic temperatures haven’t been warming as fast as Greenland. But hot, haywire currents are melting Antarctica’s floating ice sheets from below.

 

These massive floating ice cubes won’t raise sea-levels, because they’re already displacing seawater. But removing “corks” like the floating Larsen B ice sheet unleashes the fast-thawing land glaciers bottled up in deep valleys behind them. After the Larsen B ice shelf dissolved in 2002, the glaciers it had been retaining began flowing into the sea up to eight-times faster than before.


The restless "Sword of Thwaites" is about 90 miles long and 1,800 feet high. The widening crack in its teetering Larsen C “stopper” is now more than 100 miles long.

 

When Greenland’s Jakobshavn ice sheet finishes melting, that's 22 feet of sea-level rise. When Thwaite and the remaining Antarctic ice decant into the world ocean, that’s another 200 feet


Welcome back to the Jurassic. Only this time, we are the dinosaurs.

 

 

BATTLES OF THE BULGE

As the U.S. Environmental Provocation Agency (Trump’s EPA) disbands its climate change adaptation program of coastal monitoring and response… cold, freshwater pulses from all that melting Arctic ice are slowing the North Atlantic circulation.

 

The resulting “bulge" in East Coast waters is “one reason why large parts of the East Coast are already experiencing much faster sea-level rise than the rest of the world,” Romm reports. The Jersey shore can look forward to “Sandy level storm surges almost every year by mid-century.”

 

“Some smaller, more rural communities may see 30, 50, or even 70 percent of their property tax revenue at risk due to the number of chronically inundated homes," predicts Kristina Dahl, a senior climate scientist at UCS.

 

Hundreds of thousands of residential properties in New Jersey and New York will soon experience chronic flooding, costing municipalities more than $3.5 billion in lost tax revenue. Impoverished families will lose everything to repeated flooding.

 

As Jeff Goodell observes, “Every Miami Beach condo owner and Bangladeshi farmer is living at the mercy of ice physics right now.”

 

And since the jet stream is tied to extreme weather, droughts and ice melt – so are you.

 

 

DEATH-WISH

After withdrawing from the Paris climate agreement and rolling back regulations curbing fossil fuel emissions, the White House has moved quickly to erase scientific climate change information from government documents and websites.

 

Coupled with its continued threats to unleash nuclear war, this increasingly failing, frustrated and frenzied rogue state appears determined to take this planet down.

 

But we are all turning up the heat.

 

Loss of Arctic sea ice is flattening the temperature gradient between the thawing north and warming south, causing the jet stream to slow, fragment, meander and stall

 

Weather fronts are being blocked more frequently due to climate change. This causes droughts and storms to linger, amplifying the damage they cause. This was a factor in the recent devastating floods in Japan, where at least 150 people died after rainfall up to four-times the normal level,” Watts writes.

 

There’s no question human influence on climate is playing a huge role in this heatwave,” says Prof. Myles Allen, a University of Oxford climate scientist speaking for many.

 

Big surprise, eh?

 

Not quite.

 

 

NEW ZEALAND NEWSPAPER RUNS CLIMATE CHANGE WARNING IN 1912.

“The furnaces of the world are now burning about 2,000,000,000 tons of coal a year. When this is burned, uniting with oxygen, it adds about 7,000,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere yearly. This tends to make the air a more effective blanket for the earth and to raise its temperature. The effect may be considerable in a few centuries,” the New Zealand Herald heralded. The article was reprinted from Popular Mechanics. In 1912.

 


 

Frozen methane bubbles thawing -dailymail.co.uk

Methane gas bubbles releasing in Vermillion Lake, Banff National Park -Paul Zizka photo



DRAGON BURPS

An additional 197,684 acres of forest have burnt in northern Russia, where summer temperatures are a crazy 7C above historical averages. Western Siberian temperatures of more than 30C are accelerating the permafrost thaw, releasing methane.

 

Meanwhile, the hot Atlantic is defrosting the Arctic as it flows through the Fram Strait. Similarly, hot north-flowing rivers are melting fast-shrinking ice sheets from below, releasing previously frozen methane clathrates from the seafloor of the Arctic Sea.

 

These “dragon burps” are potential civilization-enders. On August 6,2018 methane levels spiked at 3046 ppb at Barrow, Alaska. And northern lakes and seas continue to fizz.

 

methane may end most life on Earth again -astralisphotography.com

This extremely dangerous greenhouse gas will trap 100-times the heat as CO2 long enough to threaten a complete Arctic meltdown. If allowed to happen, the ensuing gigatons of released methane will shrivel and bankrupt civilizations. And most likely the human experiment itself.

 

To speed this methane apocalypse, we are adding CO2 to the atmos-fear at least 10-times faster than during a major warming event some 56 million years ago “that caused a major planetary extinction event,” points out veteran war correspondent, Dahr Jamail.

 

He’s not exaggerating. More than half of the world’s wild animal populations (58%) have died off between 1970 and 2012. Fisheries are being even harder hit.

 

Evidence points to a methane burst underlying the Great Dying associated with the end-Permian extinction eventIt looks like a 5C rise in global-average temperature was responsible for that near-total species wipe-out.  

Methane releases could end most life on Earth again 

-astralisphotography.com 

 


WHAT LANDLUBBERS IGNORE

The biggest impacts from accelerating Climate Shift are taking place out of sight of multitudes who have forgotten they live on a planet mostly covered by a single ocean.

 

The good news is that this globe-girdling basin containing more than 332,519,000 cubic miles of seawater has been absorbing most of the heat released during our century-long carbon blowout.

 

"The ocean absorbs more than 90% of the Earth's excess heat increase that is associated with global warming from our growing greenhouse gas emissions," say scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National atom bomb Laboratory. Half of all this ocean heat has been added in the last two decades.

 

The bad news is that sealife can’t handle this heating. And with deep waters holding 15% more warmth than just 20 years ago, less energy-depleting cool water is being be stirred up by storms. Instead, hot ocean waters are feeding longer-lived and more intense typhoons and hurricanes.

 

More water vapor in the “atmos-fear” also fuels storms over land – like Houston’s repeated dunking, and the so-called “Thousand Year” event in Ellicott City, Maryland in May 2018 that killed two people and cost that cash-strapped city hundreds of millions of dollars.

 

Even worse news is that when a globe-gurgling radiator with an average depth of 2.5 miles (4 km) and an estimated volume of 1.37 billion cubic kilometers finally gets cranking, it will continue killing sealife until jellyfish – not navies  – rule the waves.

 

Everything impacts everything else. Disappearing Arctic sea ice is drying out the western United States and further heating the Arctic and the Pacific Ocean, creating vast high-pressure ridges that are funneling hot, upper-level winds into the ArcticIn 2013-2014, the North Pacific heat “Blob” caused mass sealife casualties along North America’s west coast, from Baja to Alaska.

 

Lucky for us, the world ocean has also been soaking up most of the CO2 released by all our carbon burning. Unlucky for all life, all that seawater is absorbing excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, forming carbonic acid.

 

Ocean Acidification Killing Farmed Oysters -Sietch Blog

“Oyster larvae are dying in the shellfish hatcheries along the West Coast,” relays Richard Feely, a senior scientist with the defunded National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 


“In some cases, their shells are weakened or actually dissolve while the animal is still alive. Fish behavior is also impacted by ocean acidification such that some species lose their ability to navigate or avoid predators,” Feely fretted in July 2018.

 

The ocean’s coral reefs – nurseries of the ocean – are irrevocably toast. (Andothe tipping point.) And as the ocean warms, its ability to sequester CO2 is reduced. Saturated seas are starting to belch their stored carbon back into the interfaced atmosphere.

 

 

POP QUIZ

Can you count the amplifying feedback loops described or implied in this article?

 

 

OCEAN OXYGEN LEVELS PLUMMETING

Cyanobacteria

“Dead zones” are caused by nutrients running off into streams and pouring off industrial-scale farms into lakes and the ocean, where algae “blooms” in frenzied feeding. 


When all these miniature critters croak and sink to the seafloor, bacteria feed on them, hoovering up oxygen until fish suffocate or flee – only to be struck down by spreading blobs of toxic cyanobacteria.

 


World's Largest Dead Zone Suffocating Baltic Sea -National Geographic

World's Largest Dead Zone Suffocating Baltic Sea -National Geographic


Oceanic “dead zones” have quadrupled in size since the 1950s. Today, these growing blue deserts are found off all coastal regions with high human populations, from Europe to North America all the way to China. On July 5, 2018, the Baltic Sea dead zone extended across 70,000 square-kilometers – an area almost twice the size of Denmark.

 

When nature’s critical thresholds are crossed, there is no going back. Frantic efforts to reduce Baltic Sea pollution have “not yet led to recovery,” worries Callum Roberts, professor of marine conservation at the University of York.



BP militarized solar hype -B(s) Petroleum


MEET YOU IN THE LOBBY

In July 2018, Joe Romm reported that “climate action has been repeatedly drowned” by a “flood” of money from the Oil Mafia – nearly $2 billion in lobbying since 2000. 

 

“When the House of Representatives passed the American Clean Energy and Security Act by a slim margin in June 2009, the fossil fuel industry launched an all-out and ultimately successful push to undermine any effort by the Senate to pass their own version of the climate bill,” reports the founding editor of ClimateProgress.

 

Of the top nine energy companies with the biggest lobbying expenditures between January 2009 and June 2010, six were Big Oil companies (led by ExxonMobil). The other three were a coal producer and two coal-intensive utilities.”

 

Despite their flashy “beyond petroleum” propaganda, BP and Shell have yet to set emission reduction targets.  BP’s investment in renewable clean technologies has actually shrunk since 2005, Ben Chapman reports. Today, BP invests just 1.3% of its total capital expenditure in low-carbon projects, while Shell threatens to invest 3% of its annual loot on low-carbon by 2020.


Maybe.



Coming temps around the world -BBC

 

 

BY THE NUMBERS

Meanwhile, a 2C temperature rise limit is a political target – not a “safe” geophysical number.

 

1.5° CELSIUS TEMPERATURE RISE (We’re nearly there!)

“Beyond 1C may elicit rapid, unpredictable and non-linear responses that could lead to extensive ecosystem damage, the UN warned. In 1990.

 

 

2° CELSIUS

Two degrees Celsius is guaranteed disaster, piped-up former NASA scientist, James Hansen, five years ago.

 

 

4° CELSIUS

At the COP 19 climate change conference, Prof. of Climatology, Mark Maslin told delegates: We are already planning for a 4°C world because that is where we are heading. I do not know of any scientists who do not believe that.

 

Head of the Polar Ocean Physics Group, Dr. Peter Wadhams also did the math, saying, “The carbon dioxide that we put into the atmosphere, which now exceeded 400 parts per million, is sufficient, if you don’t add any more, to actually raise global temperatures in the end by about four degrees.

 

Does he mean the end end?

 

4C terminates the ability of Earth’s vegetation to sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide, leading to a runaway greenhouse.

 

 

5° CELSIUS

Meanwhile, Shell, Exxon and BP are planning for global temperatures to rise as much as 5°C by 2050.

 

Sir Robert Watson, who chaired the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change from 1997 until 2002 (when he was removed by U.S. pressure), says our outraged and overwhelmed successors could be facing a 5C rise.

 

Australia’s most comprehensive government climate study has now confirmed that this UV-challenged nation is on track for an average temperature increase up to 5C by this century’s termination.

 

But with the Deep State going flat-out to flat-line this planet, 7C is possible.

 

The deaths, population displacements and planetwide disruptions we are experiencing after heating Earth’s atmosphere 1C above the pre-industrial benchmark will be multiplied exponentially as temperatures continue to rise and more hidden, interacting feedbacks kick in.


 


Dr. David Suzuki -davidsuzuki.org

 Dr. David Suzuki -davidsuzuki.org


15,000+ FREAKED-OUT SCIENTISTS ISSUE DIRE WARNING

On January 6, 2018, more than 15,000 scientists from around the world signed a new warning – “the most scientists to ever co-sign and formally support a published journal article,” notes Dr. David Suzuki.

 

Their consensus concern: We have unleashed a mass extinction event, the sixth in roughly 540 million years, wherein many current life forms could be annihilated or at least committed to extinction by the end of this century.

 


WHAT’S THE PROBLEM?

Our mindsets and systems are at the root of the problem,” comments Dr. Suzuki. “The outdated notions of gross domestic product and unlimited growth on a finite planet, short-term political and business thinking, externalization of social and ecological costs, rampant consumerism, and a failure to understand the connections between actions and consequences and between living systems have put us on an unsustainable course, pushing planetary processes beyond safe boundaries.”

 

Read that again.

 

 


Cooling off on Huntington Beach during record heat. -Ringo Chiu/ZUMA/Shutterstock



TOO HOT TO HANDLE

When the mercury reaches 36.4°C with a relative humidity of 91%, the resulting “wet-bulb” temperature is fatal within a matter of hours, warns Arctic News.

 

The situation is dire,” reminds climatologist Paul Beckwith. “When you combine the heat domes sitting over many countries with high humidity… a perfectly healthy person outside, in a well-ventilated area, in the shade will die from the heat in 6 hours. Most people, like the very young, the elderly, and the rest of us won’t last anywhere as long, at even lower temperatures.”

 

Tens of thousands of people in Russia, India and China have already died from overheating after a 1C rise. This summer is the Last Call to turn away from a further rise to 2C, which our current trajectory is already blowing through.

 

Unfortunately, as I learned in downtown Kuwait City as a thousand oil wells belched and burned and oil rained from near-total darkness at noon, denial remains the strongest human propensity.

 

And yet, as Ludovico Einaudi demonstrates in this spine-tingling Arctic performance below… the human spirit endures.



 




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 发件人     William Thomas 2018